P. Mondrian

(Dutch, "the style"), Dutch arts movement started in Amsterdam in 1917, and the periodical by the same name. De Stijl was dedicated to abstraction that would create a universal response from all viewers based on a quest for harmony and order. Among the founders of the movement were the painters Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg, who also established its journal, De Stijl (1917-1932). The spare, abstract style that they advocated was also known as neoplasticism. It rejected all representation and restricted the elements of artistic expression to the use of straight lines, right angles, pure primary colors (blue, red, and yellow), and the so-called non-colors of black, gray, and white. De Stijl principles also influenced the decorative arts, especially architecture, exemplified by the austere clarity of the Schröder House (1924) in Utrecht, by architect and industrial designer Gerrit Thomas Rietveld, and the Workers' Housing Estate (1924-1927) in Hook of Holland, by architect Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud.

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